"World Community Interest" Approach to Interim Measures on "Robot Weapons": Revisiting the nuclear test cases

Ulgen, Ozlem (2018) "World Community Interest" Approach to Interim Measures on "Robot Weapons": Revisiting the nuclear test cases. New Zealand Yearbook of International Law, 14. pp. 3-34. ISSN 1176-6417

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Forty-four years after the ICJ provisional measures orders in the Nuclear Test Cases requesting France stop atmospheric nuclear weapons testing in the South Pacific, we are facing another deadly threat from the use and development of "robot weapons". Back in the 1970s nuclear weapons were seen as the new frontier in state defensive capability, just as "robot weapons" are today. The ICJ set a precedent for using provisional measures to prevent harm caused by new weapons technology. The orders under art 41 ICJ Statute requested France to avoid nuclear tests causing the deposit of radioactive fall-out on Australian and New Zealand territories. The Nuclear Test Cases are instructive on how the Court may deal with new weapons technology, providing clarification on an urgent basis while a case is pending. Although provisional measures were ordered only in relation to atmospheric tests, the ICJ remains the only international judicial body to have ordered cessation of nuclear tests pending a case. In contrast, individual complaints before the HRC and the ECtHR were refused provisional measures to prevent nuclear tests.

Item Type: Article
3 December 2017Accepted
8 February 2018Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: robot; weapons; defence; technology; nuclear; radioactive
Subjects: CAH16 - law > CAH16-01 - law > CAH16-01-01 - law
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Law
Depositing User: Ozlem Ulgen
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2018 11:45
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 15:55
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5580

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