Numerical simulation of the slipstream and aeroacoustic field around a high-speed train

Zhu, Chunli and Hemida, Hassan and Flynn, Dominic and Baker, Chris and Liang, Xifeng and Zhou, Dan (2017) Numerical simulation of the slipstream and aeroacoustic field around a high-speed train. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 231 (6). pp. 740-756. ISSN 0954-4097

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The flow field and sound propagation around a three-coach 1/8th scale high-speed passenger train were obtained using a detached-eddy simulation and the Ffowcs-Williams and Hawkings acoustic analogy. The Reynolds number of flow based on the train height and speed was 2,000,000. The numerical results of the flow and aeroacoustic fields were validated using wind tunnel experiments and full-scale data, respectively. Features of overall sound pressure level, sound pressure level and A-weighted sound pressure level of typical measuring points are discussed. The sound propagated by a high-speed train is shown as a broadband noise spectrum including tonal component, where high sound pressure levels are concentrated on the low-frequency range from 10 Hz to 300 Hz. The inter-carriage gap is found to cause distinct tonal noise in contrast to the other parts of the train that cause a broadband noise. The negative log law has been used to study the influence of distance from the centre of track on the sound pressure level, where a good fit is shown at low-frequency ranges. The peak values of A-weighted sound pressure level from both full-scale experiment and simulation results occur at approximately 1 kHz, where simulation results show almost the same range as the experiment. The surface of each component of the train as well as the whole train are chosen as the integral surface for the Ffowcs-Williams and Hawkings computation of the far-field noise characteristics. It was found that the sound source generated by a high-speed train is mainly dipole, and the largest noise was obtained from the leading bogie. The results of this paper provide, for the first time, a better understanding of the aeroacoustic field around a three-coach train model, and the paper has the potential to assist engineers to design high-speed trains with aeroacoustic noise reduction in a better manner.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
1 July 2017Published
4 April 2016Published Online
1 March 2016Accepted
Uncontrolled Keywords: High-speed trains, train aerodynamics, aeroacoustics, detached-eddy simulation, Ffowcs-Williams and Hawkings acoustic analogy
Subjects: CAH09 - mathematical sciences > CAH09-01 - mathematical sciences > CAH09-01-01 - mathematics
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-01 - computer science
CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-01 - engineering (non-specific)
CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-10 - others in engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Euan Scott
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2019 16:45
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 15:33

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