A Kind of ‘In-Between’: Jazz and Politics in Portugal (1958-1974)

Cravinho, Pedro (2017) A Kind of ‘In-Between’: Jazz and Politics in Portugal (1958-1974). In: Jazz and Totalitarianism. Routledge Transnational Studies in Jazz . Francis & Taylor, New York, pp. 218-238. ISBN 9781138887824

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This article will investigate the use of jazz music: as a form of a protest against the Portuguese Estado Novo and its colonial politics (1958–1961); and a symbol of freedom to configure new social realities (1971–1974). In 1958 Salazar’s regime of Estado Novo, in response to international pressure, eased repression and promoted ‘free elections’ to give the illusion of a free country. In this context, students at the University of Lisbon founded the Clube Universitário de Jazz (CUJ; University Jazz Club). It was closed by the Portuguese police in 1961 after the first so the war of independence in Angola. In 1971, during the Caetano administration, Portugal hosted an international jazz festival for the first time. Although state-sponsored, it became a space of political resistance for thousands and led to the arrest of American bass player Charlie Haden. This article analyses jazz discourses and practices in Portugal during these two important historical moments: 1958 and 1971.

Item Type: Book Section
1 January 2017Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jazz - Politics aspects - History - 20th century. Totalitarianism and music. Jazz - History and criticism.
Subjects: CAH25 - design, and creative and performing arts > CAH25-02 - performing arts > CAH25-02-02 - music
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > College of English and Media
Depositing User: Pedro Cravinho
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 08:58
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 16:54
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7760

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