A two-nation investigation of Leadership Self-perceptions and Motivation to Lead in early adulthood: The moderating role of Gender and Socio-Economic Status

Hoyland, Thomas and Psychogios, Alexandros and Epitropaki, Olga and Damiani, Jonathan and Mukhuty, Sumona and Preistnall, Chris (2021) A two-nation investigation of Leadership Self-perceptions and Motivation to Lead in early adulthood: The moderating role of Gender and Socio-Economic Status. Leadership and Organization Development Journal. ISSN 0143-7739

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Abstract

Drawing on social-cognitive and motivational literature of leadership, the present study examines the influence of young adults’ self-perceptions of leadership (based on Implicit Leadership Theories - ILTs) on their leadership self-efficacy and motivation to lead in their future career. We further examine gender and socio-economic status (SES) as important moderators of the proposed relationships. Using cross-sectional data from young adult samples across two different countries, namely UK (N=267) and Japan (N=127), we find cross-national evidence that self-perceptions of leadership influence leadership self-efficacy and motivation to lead (especially socio-normative and non-calculative dimensions). The results further support the mediating role of leader self-efficacy. Regarding the moderating role of gender, results in both samples showed that the effects of leader-self efficacy on motivation to lead were stronger for male young adults. A somewhat differential pattern of effects emerged with regards to SES in the two countries. SES was found to moderate the effects of leadership self-perceptions of negative ILTs on leadership self-efficacy in the UK sample and the effects of leadership self-perceptions of positive ILTs on leadership self-efficacy in the Japanese sample. Implications for young adults’ future leadership and career development outcomes are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-03-2020-0112
Date: 20 January 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: Young Adults, Implicit Leadership Theories, Leadership Self-efficacy, Motivation to Lead, Gender, Socio-Economic Status
Subjects: N100 Business studies
N200 Management studies
N600 Human Resource Management
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Centre for Applied Finance and Economics
Depositing User: Alexandros Psychogios
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 10:21
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2021 14:41
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10717

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