Exploring the association between self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating with eating behaviours amongst patients with obesity

Hussain, Misba and Egan, Helen and Keyte, Rebecca and Strachan, Rachel and Tahrani, Abd A. and Mantzios, Michail (2022) Exploring the association between self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating with eating behaviours amongst patients with obesity. Nutrition and Health. 026010602210946. ISSN 0260-1060

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Abstract

Background: People who have obesity often experience problematic eating behaviours, contributing towards their excessive weight gain. Aims: Understanding problematic eating behaviours and their association to self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating is important for the development of future interventions that improve weight-loss and weight-regulation. Methods: One hundred and one participants attending their first session of a 6-session dietetic programme within a Tier 3 medical weight management service in the West Midlands, UK were recruited to complete questionnaires on self-compassion, mindfulness, mindful eating and eating behaviours, such as, emotional, restrained, external, fat and sugar consumption and grazing. Results: The findings suggested all three constructs, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating were significantly and negatively associated with grazing and emotional eating, but mindful eating was the only construct that also displayed a significant and negative association with other eating behaviours that are often barriers to successful weight regulation, such as external eating and fat consumption. Further investigation suggested mindful eating had an indirect effect on fat consumption and grazing via external eating. Conclusion: Whilst, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating displayed a negative relationship with grazing and emotional eating, mindful eating also displayed a negative relationship with fat consumption and external eating. Possible explanations and directions for future work are discussed with an emphasis on the need for more empirical work.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/02601060221094671
Dates:
DateEvent
30 March 2022Accepted
11 May 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eating behaviours, mindfulness, mindful eating, obesity, self-compassion
Subjects: CAH04 - psychology > CAH04-01 - psychology > CAH04-01-01 - psychology (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Helen Egan
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2022 15:10
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2022 15:16
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13279

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