Attachment Modelling: From Observations to scenarios to designs.

Petters, Dean and Beaudoin, Luc (2017) Attachment Modelling: From Observations to scenarios to designs. In: Computational Neurology and Psychiatry. Springer Series in Bio-/Neuroinformatics (6). Springer, London, pp. 227-271.

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Abstract

The purpose of the research programme detailed in this paper is to update
the attachment control system framework that John Bowlby set out in his formulation
of Attachment Theory. It does this by reconceptualising it as a cognitive
architecture that can operate within multi-agent simulations. This is relevant to computational
psychiatry because attachment phenomena are broad in scope and range
from healthy everyday interactions to psychopathology. The process of attachment
modelling involves three stages and this paper makes contributions in each of these
stages. Firstly, a survey of attachment research is presented which focuses on two
important attachment behavioural measures: the Strange Situation Procedure and
the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). These studies are reviewed to draw out key
behavioural patterns and dependencies. Secondly, the empirical observations that
are to be explained in this research programme are abstracted into scenarios which
capture key behavioural elements. The value of behavioural scenarios is that they
can guide the simulation design process and help evaluate simulations which are
produced. Thirdly, whilst the implementation of these scenarios is still a work in
progress, several designs are described that have been created and implemented as
simulations. These include normative and non-pathological infant behaviour patterns
observed across the first year of life in naturalistic observations and ‘Strange
Situation’ studies. Future work is described which includes simulating dysfunctional
infant behaviour patterns and a range of adult attachment behaviour patterns observed
in the Adult Attachment Interview. In conclusion, this modelling approach
is distinguished from other approaches in computational psychiatry because of the
psychologically high level at which it models phenomena of interest.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
UoA Collections > UoA 04: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Depositing User: Mr Dean Petters
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 13:06
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 10:17
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4658

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