Offending patterns of youth gang members and leavers

Ashton, Sally-Ann and Ioannou, Maria and Hammond, Laura (2018) Offending patterns of youth gang members and leavers. Journal of Gang Research, 25 (2). pp. 29-49. ISSN 1079­-3062

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Using data from the Pathways to Desistence Study1, the self-reported offending of a sample of 175 adjudicated youth gang members, with a mean age of 16.02 years at the baseline, were investigated over a period of seven years. A new variable of gang member or leaver was created for each of the ten waves of data after the baseline, and a series of independent samples t-tests were undertaken to investigate self-reported offending frequencies. Gang members reported significantly higher scores for 15 out of 220 offense reports, and 2 out of 10 reports for exposure to violence. Gang leavers scored significantly higher than gang members for 3 out of 220 offense reports; 2 for violent offense categories. All effect sizes for significant tests were found to be very small, suggesting that leaving a gang does not automatically lead to offending desistance.

Item Type: Article
Date: 1 December 2018
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 04: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Depositing User: Silvio Aldrovandi
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2018 14:08
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 15:20

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