Osteoporosis Screening: Applied Methods and Technological Trends

de Oliveira, Mario A. and Moraes, Raimes and Castanha, Everton and Prevedello, Alexandra and Vieira Filho, Jozue and Bussolaro, Frederico and Garcia Cava, David (2022) Osteoporosis Screening: Applied Methods and Technological Trends. Medical Engineering & Physics, 108. p. 103887. ISSN 1350-4533

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Bones are continuously remodeled (resorbed and regenerated) to allow fracture healing and skeleton adaptation to stress. When excessive resorption occurs, bone microstructure is deteriorated, leading to osteoporosis. At early stages, osteoporosis usually has no symptoms; most people are diagnosed when a fracture occurs due to disease severity. To prevent fractures, technologies have been developed to identify high risk population eligible to treatment. Fracture risk has been assessed by analyzing the interaction of different energy stimulus with bone tissues as well as by statistical models that evaluate multiple clinical risk factors. The most applied methods are Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry and Fracture Risk Assessment tool. As they present some limitations, other technologies have been proposed for such purpose. A survey of the currently applied and emerging methods is here presented in order to provide a scenario of the technological challenges and trends to diagnose osteoporosis.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2022.103887
1 September 2022Accepted
6 September 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bones, DXA, electromechanical impedance, fracture risk, osteoporosis diagnosis
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-06 - bioengineering, medical and biomedical engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Mario Deoliveira
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2022 12:10
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2022 12:10
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13564

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