A New Roll and Pitch Control Mechanism for an Underwater Glider

Panjavarnam, Kesavan and Ovinis, Mark and Karuppanan, Saravanan (2021) A New Roll and Pitch Control Mechanism for an Underwater Glider. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 85 (1). ISSN 2289 - 7879

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In this paper, a new roll and pitch control mechanism for an underwater glider is described. The mechanism controls the glider’s pitch and roll without the use of a conventional buoyancy engine or movable mass. It uses water as trim mass, with a high flow rate water pump to shift water from water bladders located at the front, rear, left, and right of the glider. By shifting water between the left and right water bladder, a roll moment is induced. Similarly, pitch is achieved by shifting water between the front and rear water bladders. The water bladders act not only as a means for roll and pitch control but as a buoyancy engine as well. This eliminates the use of a dedicated mechanism for pitch and roll, thereby improving gliding efficiency and energy consumption, as the glider's overall size is decreased since the hardware required is reduced. The dynamics of the system were derived and simulated, as well as validated experimentally. The glider is able to move in a sawtooth pattern with a maximum pitch angle of 43.5˚, as well as a maximum roll angle of 43.6˚ with pitch and roll rates increase
with increasing pump rate.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.1.143160
20 June 2021Accepted
4 August 2021Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Underwater Glider, Pitch Control, Roll Control
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-02 - mechanical engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Dept. of Engineering
Depositing User: Mark Ovinis
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2023 14:38
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2023 14:38
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14450

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