Awareness of Anti-LGBT Hate Crime in Europe

Godzisz, Piotr and Viggiani, Giacomo, eds. (2019) Awareness of Anti-LGBT Hate Crime in Europe. Lambda Warsaw, Warsaw. ISBN 978-83-954075-2-9

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This publication was produced as part of the project Call It Hate: Raising Awareness of Anti-LGBT Hate Crime, co-funded by the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme (2014-2020) of the European Commission (grant agreement JUST-REC-DISC-AG-2016-04-764731).
The content of this publication does not reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Responsibility for the information and views expressed in the publication lies entirely with the author(s). This publication may be downloaded free of charge from

In Europe and around the world, we have been seeing a sharp rise in hate and divisiveness, often targeting marginalised groups such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people. Anti-LGBTI discourse is increasingly entering the global political stage and influencing societies, propagated by populist leaders stoking fear and breeding intolerance for the sake of political gain. This harmful rhetoric normalises hate and discrimination against LGBTI people, and encourages hate crimes and violence towards LGBTI people in action as well as speech, both online and in the physical world. The effect is dangerous and double-edged: it increases the likelihood of people being attacked for no reason other than their sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and/or sex characteristics, while at the same time creating an environment that makes reporting hate crimes more difficult, as LGBTI people are no longer able to trust that authorities will treat them respectfully or that their case will be
properly investigated – even where there are supportive policies and legislation in place.
Against this background, it becomes all the more important to ensure that people – regardless of whether or not they identify as LGBTI – know how to spot anti-LGBTI hate crimes, how to respond to them, and how to support and empower victims. In this way not only can the risk of secondary victimisation be reduced, but a positive narrative is also introduced that sends a clear message to victims of hate crimes as well as to everyone in their wider social groups – the LGBTI community, their supporters, and the rest of society – that LGBTI people are deserving of the same recognition, respect and equality as everybody else.
This issue is what the Call It Hate project addresses, working across borders with civil society, public authorities and the general public to discern awareness of anti-LGBT hate crime, recognition of the need to report, and to empower victims to access the support services for hate crime victims to which they are entitled, including under the Victims’ Rights Directive of the EU (2012/29/EU). ILGA-Europe is proud to be an Associate Partner of the Call It Hate project, and is glad to support the crucial work it does towards making Europe a safer place for LGBTI people.
Evelyne Paradis
Executive Director, ILGA-Europe

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: Contents include: Introduction: Violence and Victims by Piotr Godzisz Haters and Allies: Attitudes towards LGBT People as Victims of Crimes in 10 EU States by Piotr Godzizc Divide or Unaware: Opinions on anti-LGBT hate crimes in Poland by Piotr Godzisz Awareness of Anti-LGBT Hate Crime in Europe by Piotr Godzisz
31 December 2019Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: hate crime, hate speech, homophobia, transphobia, LGBT, social distance, social attitudes, empathy, victims of crimes, bystanders, support for hate crime laws, ideal victim
Subjects: CAH15 - social sciences > CAH15-01 - sociology, social policy and anthropology > CAH15-01-02 - sociology
CAH26 - geography, earth and environmental studies > CAH26-01 - geography, earth and environmental studies > CAH26-01-03 - human geography
CAH16 - law > CAH16-01 - law > CAH16-01-01 - law
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Criminology and Sociology
Depositing User: Piotr Godzisz
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 12:13
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 14:08

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