Towards an increased understanding of reminiscence therapy for people with dementia: A narrative analysis

Macleod, Fiona and Storey, Lesley and Rushe, Teresa and McLaughlin, Katrina (2020) Towards an increased understanding of reminiscence therapy for people with dementia: A narrative analysis. Dementia. ISSN 1741-2684

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Aim Reminiscence therapy is a popular therapeutic intervention for people with dementia. This review set out to provide a better understanding of reminiscence therapy through a deeper analysis of its contents and delivery. Method This review examined 22 studies from the most recent Cochrane review (Woods, B., O’Philbin, L., Farrell, E. M., Spector, A. E., & Orrell, M. (2018). Reminiscence therapy for dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, Article 001120) and addressed the following research questions: (1) What are the components of reminiscence therapy? (2) Who delivers reminiscence therapy? (3) How is reminiscence therapy delivered? (4) Is reminiscence therapy underpinned by a theoretical framework? (5) Is reminiscence therapy delivered according to a programme/model? (6) Are there commonalities in the reminiscence therapy components utilised? Multiple and layered narrative analyses were completed. Findings Thirteen reminiscence therapy components were identified. ‘Memory triggers’ and ‘themes’ were identified as the most common but were found not to be consistently beneficial. Reminiscence therapy was typically delivered in a care setting using a group approach; however, there was no consistency in session composition, intervention duration, as well as the training and supervision provided to facilitators. Operationalisation of theory within reminiscence therapy was not identified. Reminiscence therapy was not consistently delivered according to a programme/model. Lastly, as a result of a small number of studies, the components ‘life stages’, ‘activities’ and ‘family-only sessions’, showed beneficial promise. In summary, this review highlights that reminiscence therapy needs more consistency in content and delivery, in addition to a clear theoretical framework.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router ** History: epub 08-08-2020; issued 08-08-2020.
Identification Number:
1 August 2020Accepted
8 August 2020Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sociology and Political Science, General Social Sciences, General Medicine, dementia, older adults, reminiscence, reminiscence therapy, therapy
Subjects: CAH04 - psychology > CAH04-01 - psychology > CAH04-01-01 - psychology (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 09:05
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 15:42

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