Taser use on individuals experiencing mental distress: an integrative literature review

Hallett, Nutmeg and Duxbury, Joy and McKee, Tina and Harrison, Natalie and Haines, Alina and Craig, Elaine and O'Brien, Anthony J. (2020) Taser use on individuals experiencing mental distress: an integrative literature review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. ISSN 1351-0126

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Abstract

4.1 Introduction
Conducted electrical weapons, or “Tasers,” are currently used by over 15,000 law enforcement and military agencies worldwide. There are concerns regarding the effectiveness, potential for harm and overuse with people experiencing mental distress.

4.2 Aim
To explore the literature about police use of Tasers with people experiencing mental distress.

4.3 Method
An integrative review was undertaken, and qualitative and quantitative analytical approaches were used.

4.4 Results
Thirty‐one studies were included. Of all recorded usage, overall prevalence of Taser use on people experiencing mental distress was 28%. This population may require a greater number of shocks to subdue them than other people.

4.5 Discussion
There are substantial gaps in the research literature particularly with respect to the decision‐making processes involved in deploying Tasers on this population and the physical and psychological consequences of Taser use in this context.

4.6 Implications for practice
Police use of Tasers in mental health crises is relatively common and occurs in a variety of environments including mental health settings. Mental health professionals need to work with police towards greater understanding of the needs of people with mental illness and to promote the use of non‐coercive interventions in mental health crisis events.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12594
Date: 19 January 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: crime and mental health, crisis resolution, policing, risk management, safety and security, violence
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Natalie Harrison
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2020 13:08
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2020 14:00
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8952

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